THE ÅLAND AGREEMENT IN THE COUNCIL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Original English Version
League of Nations Official Journal
MINUTES OF THE SEVENTEENTH MEETING OF THE COUNCIL, JUNE 27TH.
All the Representatives of the Members of the Council were
present. The Secretary-General attended.
Spain was represented by M. DE REYNOSO, and Brazil by M.
The Representatives of Finland and of Sweden took their
seats at the Council table
.M. HYMANS said that the Council had agreed at a previous
meeting that the best method at arriving at a solution of the question of
guarantees would be to endeavour to obtain an agreement between the
Representatives of Finland and of Sweden, with the assistance of a Member of the
Council. A consultation had taken place under his chairmanship, and he desired
to submit the result of this consultation in the form of a definite text, which,
if adopted by the Council, would be annexed to its resolution taken at a
previous meeting on June 24th.
The text containing the agreement, which had been reached by
the two parties, was then read:
”1. Finland, resolved to assure and to guarantee to the
population of the Aaland Islands the preservation of their language, of their
culture, and of their local Swedish traditions, undertakes to introduce shortly
into the Law of Autonomy of the Aaland Islands of May 7th, 1920, the
”2. The Landsting and the Communes of Aaland Islands shall
not in any case be obliged to support or to subsidize any other schools than
those in which the language of instruction is Swedish. In the scholastic
establishments of the State, instruction shall also be given in the Swedish
language. The Finnish language may not be taught in the primary schools,
supported or subsidized by the State or by the commune, without the consent of
the interested commune.
”3. When landed estate situated in the Aaland Islands is
sold too a person who is not domiciled in the Islands, any person legally
domiciled in the Islands, or the Council of the province, or the commune in
which the estate is situated, has the right to buy the estate at a price which,
failing agreement, shall be fixed by the court of first instance (Häradsrätt)
having regard to current prices.
”Detailed regulations will be drawn up in a special law
concerning that act of purchase, and the priority to be observed between several
”This law may not be modified, interpreted, or repealed
except under the same conditions as the Law of Autonomy.
”4. Immigrants into the Aaland archipelago who enjoy
rights of citizenship in Finland shall only acquire the communal and provincial
franchise in the Islands after five years of legal domicile. Persons who have
been five years legally domiciled in the Islands shall not be considered as
”5. The Governor of the Aaland Islands shall be nominated by the President of
the Finnish Republic in agreement with the president of the Landsting of the
Aaland Islands. If an agreement cannot be reached, the President of the Republic
shall choose the Governor from a list of five candidates nominated by the
Landsting, possessing the qualifications necessary for the good administration
of the Islands and the security of the State.
”6. The Aaland Islands shall have the right to use for
their needs 50% of the revenue of the land tax, besides the revenues mentioned
in Article 21 of the Law of Autonomy.
”7. The Council of the League of Nations shall watch over
the application of these guarantees. Finland shall forward to the Council of the
League of Nations, with its observations, any petitions or claims of the
Landsting of Aaland in connection with the application of the guarantees in
question, and the Council shall, in any case where the question is of a
juridical character, consult the Permanent Court of International Justice.”
The council unanimously approved the terms of this agreement,
and decided that it should be annexed to its resolution of June 24th.
The Council expressed its gratitude to M. Hymans for his
assistance in the work which had resulted so successfully.
The Representatives of Finland and Sweden